Jutting out from the southern coast of Costa Rica lies the Osa Peninsula, the country’s wildest and most spectacular region. Bordered by the pristine Golfo Dulce on the east side and the Pacific ocean on the west makes for some stunning land and sea-scapes. Evolution at it’s finest. Osa is a bit more remote compared to other more developed parts of the country like Quepos, Dominical or the arid Guanacaste zone. It’s more lush and tropical with spectacular wildlife, deserted beaches and virgin forests. This attraction draws people with a bit more pioneer spirit and a desire to co-exist with unspoiled nature.
Osa, means “bear” which the native people called the giant anteater. The Osa is home to Corcovado National Park, the crown jewel of Costa Rica’s national park system and one of the most biologically diverse places on earth according to National Geographic. The largest trees in Costa Rica are found in the forests of the Osa. Endangered plant and animal species still exist here such as the Tapir, the Giant Anteater and the Harpy Eagle that preys on monkeys in the trees. The big cats are still king of the jungle and the more common wild animals are seen regularly near the towns including Scarlet Macaws and four species of monkeys.
White-faced Capuchin Monkey
How’s the weather? Fairly hot all year, of course. It’s the tropics! The key is to stay hydrated – I recommend the beer! But being a peninsula of land surrounded by water tempers the climate somewhat along the coastline and at elevation. The heat is not as intense as the drier Guanacaste region nor as stifling as the summers in south Florida. December through April is the dry season with the rainy season starting around May. The heaviest rains come in September and October. The Caribbean born hurricanes only pass as far south as Nicaragua, affecting Costa Rica with heavy rains but not the destructive high winds.
There are no written stories to pass on nor tribes left to tell us about these nearly perfectly round spheres. Questions remain unanswered about why they were made, what tools were used and where the materials came from. Perhaps they were used as a part of a navigation system, maybe they are a missing piece of the Atlantis?
Some simply speculate the spheres were used to represent the status in a household or village – many were blown apart thinking there was gold in the centers. What is fact is that locals agree there is something mystical about these spheres, a must see if you are visiting the Osa.
Ranging in size, from 90 cm in diameter to 2 meters, the first spheres were discovered in 1939, when the United Fruit Company began developing their banana plantations in the Delta of the Diquis River. These rocks, made of “gabbro,” have immense energy; during the day, they are hot to the touch, reaching temperatures up to 54°C, and as low as 20°C at night. Archeologists are puzzled to find them as far out as Caño Island. They know the transportation of the spheres must have been quite an undertaking, as some of them weigh up to six tons. They are thought to have been created as early as 200 BC, and amazingly, more of these mysterious spheres continue to be discovered in the Southern zone of Costa Rica every year.
The best place to see these pre-Columbian spheres is in Palmar Sur, where several spheres remain in their original position. Guided tours are available year round and offer a wealth of information regarding the history, surrounding the enigmatic spheres. A museum is announced to open this coming July.
Source: Ballena Tales Magazine